PRAMBANAN TEMPLE / CANDI PRAMBANAN

FOTO CANDI PRAMBANAN

Candi Prambanan or Candi Rara Jonggrang is a 9th-century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva). The temple compound is located approximately 18 kilometres (11 mi) east of the city of Yogyakarta on the boundary between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces.

The temple compound, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the largest Hindu temple site in Indonesia, and one of the biggest in Southeast Asia. It is characterized by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu temple architecture, and by the towering 47-metre-high (154 ft) central building inside a large complex of individual temples. Prambanan attracts many visitors from across the world

Source : en.wikipedia.org

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BOROBUDUR TEMPLE

foto candi borobudur

Borobudur, or Barabudur, is a 9th- Century Mahayana Buddhist Temple in Magelang,Central Java, Indonesia. The monument consists of six square platforms topped by three circular platforms, and is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. A main dome, located at the center of the top platform, is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues seated inside a perforated stupa.

Built in the 9th century during the reign of the Sailendra Dynasty, the temple’s design inGupta architecture reflects India’s influence on the region. It also depicts the gupta style from India and shows influence of Buddhism as well as Hinduism. The monument is both a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a place for Buddhist pilgrimage. The journey for pilgrims begins at the base of the monument and follows a path around the monument and ascends to the top through three levels symbolic of Buddhist cosmology: Kāmadhātu (the world of desire), Rupadhatu (the world of forms) and Arupadhatu (the world of formlessness). The monument guides pilgrims through an extensive system of stairways and corridors with 1,460 narrative relief panels on the walls and the balustrades.

Evidence suggest Borobudur was constructed in the 9th century and abandoned following the 14th century decline of Hindu kingdoms in Java, and the Javanese conversion to Islam. Worldwide knowledge of its existence was sparked in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, then the British ruler of Java, who was advised of its location by native Indonesians. Borobudur has since been preserved through several restorations. The largest restoration project was undertaken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and UNESCO, following which the monument was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[5] Borobudur is still used for pilgrimage; once a year Buddhists in Indonesia celebrate Vesak at the monument, and Borobudur is Indonesia’s single most visited tourist attraction.

Source : en.wikipedia.org

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MERAPI VOLCANO

Merapi, a steep stratovolcano north of Central Java’s capital Yogyakarta, is Indonesia’s most active volcano. It erupts on average every 5-10 years and is feared for its deadly pyroclastic flows – avalanches of hot rocks and gas that are generated when parts of new lava domes constructed during eruptions in the summit crater collapse and slide down the mountain’s steep flanks.
The name “Merapi” from old Javanese language means “the one making fire” is a popular name for volcanoes: another volcano with the same name Merapi is in the Ijen Massif in East Java and similarly called volcano “Marapi” lies on Sumatra Island.
Background:Merapi dominates the landscape immediately north of the city of Yogyakarta in one of the world’s most densely populated areas. Merapi is the youngest and southernmost of a volcanic chain extending NNW to Ungaran volcano. The steep-sided modern Merapi edifice, its upper part unvegetated due to frequent eruptive activity, was constructed to the SW of an arcuate scarp cutting the eroded older Batulawang volcano. Pyroclastic flows and lahars accompanying growth and collapse of the steep-sided active summit lava dome have devastated cultivated lands on the volcano’s western-to-southern flanks and caused many fatalities during historical time. Since 1953, activity has been characterized by extrusion of lava into the summit crater, with periodic lava dome collapse and nuée ardente formation. Summit lava dome growth has continued since the 1969 gas explosion. It is monitored from the Merapi Volcano Observatory (MVO) in Yogyakarta.

Merapi Photos:

Merapi volcano, Central Java, Indonesia (Photo: Roland Gerth)

Merapi volcano, Central Java, Indonesia (Photo: Roland Gerth)
The active lava dome of Merapi volcano in the morning. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)

The active lava dome of Merapi volcano in the morning. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Mt Merapi (Central Java, Indonesia) in eruption with the ash column illuminated at sunrise (Nov 2010) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The billowing ash clouds at the front of the flow. The forest in the foreground gives an idea of the scale.  (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)

The billowing ash clouds at the front of the flow. The forest in the foreground gives an idea of the scale. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A pyroclastic flow on the SE side of Merapi volcano. In the area of its path, the thick forest covering the slopes of the steep stratovolcano has been completely destroyed and removed. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)

A pyroclastic flow on the SE side of Merapi volcano. In the area of its path, the thick forest covering the slopes of the steep stratovolcano has been completely destroye…
Source : volcanodiscovery.com
PUNCAK MERAPI 
 
Puncak Merapi

Gunung merapi merupakan salah satu gunung api teraktif di dunia. Meskipun terlihat garang, namun puncak gunung ini sangat indah dinikmati, terutama bagi para pecinta alam. Wisata petualangan (tracking) banyak ditawarkan kepada wisatawan untuk bisa menikmati keindahan Yogyakarta dari atas gunung. Gunung yang menjadi gunung suci bagi masyarakat Jawa terletak di perbatasan DIY dan Jawa Tengah.

Sumber : pariwisata.jogjakota.go.id

DESA WISATA LERENG MERAPI 
 
Desa Wisata Lereng Merapi

Obyek wisata ini menawarkan tracking lintas lereng merapi, dan nikmatnya makanan tradisional setempat.Adapun desa wisata lereng merapi meliputi:
Kaliurang Timur, Hargobinangun, Pakem
Turgo, Purwobinangun, Pakem
Kinahrejo, Umbulharjo, Cangkringan
Tunggularum, Wonokerto, Turi
sumber : pariwisata.jogjakota.go.id

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THE PALACE / KRATON YOGYAKARTA

 

Kraton Yogyakarta Hadiningrat
 

Kraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat is the primary kraton of the Yogyakarta Sultanate. The sultan and the royal court has its traditional seat there.

The complex consists of a number of low-lying buildings such as audience halls, museums, and the residences of the sultan and the queen.

It is a popular tourist destination.

Source : en.wikipedia.org

Kraton Yogyakarta Hadinigrat
Kraton Yogyakarta adalah obyek utama di Kota Yogyakarta. Bangunan Bersejarah yang merupakan istana dan tempat tinggal dari Sultan Hamengku Buwana dan keluarganya ini berdiri sejak tahun 1756. Kraton Yogyakarta dengan segala adat istiadat dan budayanya menjadi ruh kehidupan masyarakat Yogyakarta. Kraton Yogyakarta juga menjadi obyek wisata utama di Kota Yogyakarta baik dari sisi peninggalan bangunannya maupun adat istiadat yang ada di dalamnya. Di Kraton Yogyakarta di samping dapat dinikmati keindahan masa lalu melalui arsitektur bangunannya, dapat juga dinikmati kesenian tradisional yang disajikan setiap harinya di Bangsal Manganti. Saat ini Kraton Yogyakarta ditempati oleh keluarga Sultan Hamengku Buwana X yang menjadi raja sekaligus gubernur di Yogyakarta.Buka :

Senin – Minggu  :  08.00-14.00
Jum’at                 :   08.00-12.00

Informasi :

Kraton Yogyakarta

Jl. Rotowijayan 1 Yogyakarta

telp. 0274 373177

sumber : pariwisata.jogjakota.go.id

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YOGYAKARTA CITY

Yogyakarta (/ˌjɒɡjəˈkɑrtə/ or /ˌjoʊɡjəˈkɑrtə/; Malay: [jɔɡjaˈkarta]; also Jogja,Jogjakarta) is a city and the capital of Yogyakarta Special Region in Java, Indonesia. It is renowned as a centre of classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry, and puppet shows. Yogyakarta was the Indonesian capital during the Indonesian National Revolution from 1945 to 1949. One of the districts in Yogyakarta, Kotagede, was the capital of the Mataram Sultanate between 1575 and 1640. The city is named after the Indian city of Ayodhya from the Ramayana epic.Yogya means ‘suitable, fit, proper’, and karta, ‘prosperous, flourishing’ (i.e., ‘a city that is fit to prosper’).

Sumber : en.wikipedia.org

foto Tugu Jogja

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